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Hand pulling


This method is adequate for most of the herbaceous species, as well as for seedlings and young woody plants that come from germination. Individual plants that come from regeneration from stump may also be pulled, but it’s more difficult.

The plants may be pulled manually, using (or not) small tools such as a digging hoe or a planting tool.

The plant should be pulled from the stem (close to the root) to avoid only removing the aerial part.

The pulling should be made in a manner that no large roots are left in the ground, as some species will regenerate by sprouting from roots.

In more compacted soils, the pulling should be done in a wetter season as to facilitate the release of the roots.

Simple application;

High selectivity as long as the  target species is correctly recognised;

Safe (except for potential physical strain or incorrect use of the tools, when used);

Effective as long as the plant is completely pulled out;

Easy to organise for large groups (e.g., voluntary environmental action groups;

It may be made easier with the use of manual tools;

Environmentally friendly.

It’s a long and onerous process if performed by professionals (large amounts of manual labor);

Pulling of larger plants may be difficult and physically strenuous;

In dry and/or compacted soil conditions the roots may remain behind;

In larger plants and/or the ones that come from sprouts or rooting, the pulling may be very difficult.


Caution with physical working posture and potential for physical strain; care in the handling of the tools for inexperienced users;



No maintenance/basic maintenance of the tools if  used.

Personal Protective Equipment




Hoe or planting tool.